When and How To Slaughter A Qurban (Shafii)


When is the sacrifice made in islam? Where is the sacrifice made in islam?

a. The Time to slaughter a qurban

Qurban should be slaughtered at a certain time. If it is not slaughtered in its specified times, then it becomes invalid as a qurban and it becomes an animal slaughtered to satisfy the need for meat.

The time for slaughtering one’s qurban begins when sufficient time has passed since sunrise on the Day of Sacrifice and one has performed the two rak’ahs and the two sermons have been delivered, even if the sun has not risen a spear’s length in the sky; however, it is preferable to delay one’s slaughtering until the sun has risen this much. The time for slaughtering lasts until the end of the fourth day of the festival. Once the time period set aside for slaughtering has begun, it is permissible to slaughter both at night and during the day; nevertheless, it is reprehensible to slaughter at night unless there is a need to do so. (According to other schools of Islamic law, one must offer the sacrifice by the evening on the third day of the festival. According to the Hanafi School, it is not permissible to slaughter qurban at night.)

b. How to Slaughter a Qurban and Supplications for Qurban

It is an emulation of Sunnah to do the following five things:

1) That the person slaughtering invokes the name of Allah. If someone who fulfills the conditions to slaughter an animal according to Islamic Law but forgets to invoke the name of Allah when slaughtering an animal, it is still lawful to eat its meat. However, it is reprehensible to omit this invocation deliberately. (According to the other schools, invoking the name of Allah is a condition for slaughtering an animal. However, if it is omitted unintentionally, the animal’s meat may still be eaten.)

2) That the person slaughtering sends blessings upon the Prophet,

3) That the person slaughtering utters the words Allahu akbar three times after invoking the name of God,

4) That the animal be caused to face the qiblah upon being slaughtered, and that the person slaughtering it face the qiblah as well.

5) That the person slaughtering invokes Allah to accept his sacrifice

The animal which will be offered as qurban is brought to the place where it will be slaughtered. It is laid down on his left side facing the qibla. Then the person who will slaughter the animal makes the intention. Intention can be made later. It is recommended to say the following when slaughtering the animal, “Allahumma hadha minka wa ilayka fataqabbal minni kama takabbalta min sayyidina Muhammadin nabiyyika wa Ibrahima khalilika “O God, this is from You and for You, so please accept it from me. Just like you accepted it from Your Prophet Muhammad and from Your friend Abraham).”

Its back right foot should be left free and its other legs should be tied up. Afterwards the following verse is recited:

“… “Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Worlds.”[1] After that, one slaughters the animal by saying,

“Bismillahi Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.” The animal’s windpipe, esophagus and the two veins next to these (between them) should be cut. It is sufficient to cut the windpipe and the two veins. Until the animal dies, it is not permissible to cut its neck completely and separate its head from its body.

If the owner of the qurban knows how to slaughter an animal, he should do it himself. It is not permissible for women to slaughter an animal even if they know how to do it. They should appoint a man as their proxy to slaughter their qurban on their behalf.

The person who slaughters the animal should be a Muslim or a person from the People of the Book (ahl al-kitab, i.e. Jews and Christians). The animals slaughtered by the People of the Book is permissible for Muslims. However, animals slaughtered by Zoroastrians, idol-worshippers or apostates are not permissible to eat for Muslims. Even though it is undesirable to have an insane, a child under the age of discernment, or a drunk slaughter an animal, it is still permissible to eat the meat of the animal that they slaughtered. In like manner, even though it is reprehensible, it is still permissible to eat the meat of the animal slaughtered by the blind.

It is permissible to slaughter the qurban both at night and during the day; nevertheless, it is reprehensible to slaughter it at night unless there is a need to do so.

The person doing the slaughtering seeks out a soft place on which the animal can lie. The animal should be caused to face the qiblah, and the person slaughtering it should face the qiblah as well. the person doing the slaughtering sharpens his knife beforehand. However, it is undesirable to sharpen one’s knife while the sacrificial animal is looking at it; it is likewise undesirable to slaughter one animal while another is watching it. The animal must be fully alive before it is slaughtered if there is some cause to which its death might be attributed; otherwise, it is not necessary that the animal be fully alive before being slaughtered. Hence, if an animal, which is ill without there being some other cause to which its death might be attributed, is slaughtered when it is breathing its last, it will be permissible to eat of its meat even if the blood does not gush out of it when it is slaughtered and even if it does not make any violent jerking motions.

The meat of animals slaughter in the name of a being other than Allah is prohibited to the Muslims.

c. What Needs to be Done about the Meat and the Hide of the Qurban

The owner of the qurban and members of the household may eat from the meat of the qurban slaughtered on Eid Al-Adha.

The meat of the qurban is divided into three parts. One part is distributed to the poor as charity, one part to the relatives and friends. The remaining part is left for the household to eat. The person who slaughters the qurban even though his financial situation is not good may keep the entire qurban for himself and his family members.

It is a Sunnah for the owner of the qurban to eat from his qurban except the qurban vowed to be slaughtered. It is permissible to sell the meat and the hide of the qurban, to pay the butcher’s fee by it, to give it to the rich, to consume all of its meat without giving anything to the poor as charity, and to take it to another district, village, or city and distribute it to the poor there. If the butcher is poor, it can be given to him, and likewise it can be offered to the rich as a treat.

The hide of the qurban is donated as sadaqa to those people to whom zakat may be given. It may also be donated to institutions and services such as mosques, schools, roads, bridges, water fountains, religious foundations and charity organizations that operate in accordance with the teachings of Islam. It is not permissible to give it to people, establishments and foundations that do not work in accordance with religion and that commit actions in unlawful ways.

The owner of the qurban can also use the hide of the animal to make an item that he/she can continuously use such as clothing etc.

[1] Al-An’am, 6: 162.

Source: Fiqh1 (According To The Shafi’i School Of Islamic Law), Erkam Publications

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