What to do between safa and marwa? What are the prayers to be read in safa and marwa?
The sa’y between Safa and Marwa is seven shawts (circuits), it starts at Safa and ends at Marwa. The way in which the start is considered one shawt, the return is also considered one shawt.
In order for the sa’y to be sahih, it must take place and be carried out in the sahih manner after the tawaf that is fardh or nafilah. However for the people who are performing the ifrad or qiran hajj, it must be carried out after the wajib tawaf just like the qudum tawaf. Otherwise, it must be delayed to after the ifada tawaf. Again if there is a circumstance that prevents the person from carrying out the qudum tawaf such as illness, menstruation etc, the necessity of the implementation of the qudum tawaf will be removed.
The person who is performing the tamattu hajj, will delay carrying out the sa’y to after the ifada tawaf which is a rukun.
These are the sunnahs of the sa’y:
- To kiss the Hajarul Aswad before going out for the sa’y,
- For men to climb the Safa and Marwa, for the women to also climb if they are not occupied,
- To walk hastily between the two green pillars,
- To make dua at Safa and Marwa.
It is mandub to drink alot of Zamzam water with a pleasant intention before starting the sa’y.
It is wajib to stop at Muzdalifa for as long a time it takes to pray the salat and eat food, all the while allowing the riding animals to sit down. It is mustahab to spend the night there. It is mandub to make the wuquf at Meshar’ul Haram by facing the qiblah, to recite lots of dhikr, dua and salawat.
After the sun has risen, the person who is performing the hajj will throw seven stones at the jamratul aqabah while they are walking or riding on an animal, they will recite the takbir after throwing each one of them and they will do this back to back. Tahallul asghar will take place with the throwing of the stones at jamratul aqabah; as in the prohibitions of the ihram except sexual intercourse and hunting will come to an end for the hajj candidate. If they have already done the sa’y, it will be makruh for them to put on pleasant scents up until they carry out the ifada tawaf.
It is needed for the head to be shaved or for the hair to be trimmed. The person who has the hady qurban next to them will slaughter this. Altough it is sufficient for the men to trim their hair, it is considered more virtuous for them to shave it. It is sunnah for women to cut off about the length of a finger from the tips of their hair.
Source: Fiqh1 (According To The Maliki School Of Islamic Law), Erkam Publications