What is tayammum? What is tayammum steps?
Aisha -Allah be well-pleased with her- recounts:
“We were together with the Messenger of Allah -upon him blessings and peace- in the Muraysi Campaign. We had arrived either at the place known as Bayda or Dhat’ul-Jaysh when I realized my bracelet had snapped off and gone missing. The Messenger of Allah -upon him blessings and peace- remained there for a while in search of it; so with him, the rest also remained. There was no water around where we were, and to make things worse, we had also run out. Some apparently complained to my father Abu Bakr, saying, ‘Do you know what Aisha has done? She is holding up the Messenger of Allah and the others, at a place where there is no water, and at a time when we have run out!’ Just as the Messenger of Allah -upon him blessings and peace- had fallen asleep on my lap Abu Bakr came along.
‘You have detained the Messenger of Allah and the others here! Not only is there no water around, they are also out of their final stock!’ he said, rebuking me. Unable to take out his anger, he even hurt me a little. I tried not to move for the Messenger of Allah -upon him blessings and peace- had his head on my knees, sleeping.
When the Messenger of Allah -upon him blessings and peace- woke up in the morning there was still no water. It was not long after when Allah the Almighty revealed the tayammum ayah:
‘…and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith, Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful.’ (al-Maida, 6)
Usayd ibn Khudayr -Allah be well-pleased with him- thereupon remarked, ‘this is only one of your blessings for this ummah, the Abu Bakr family, among numerous others.’
When I had the camel get up on its feet, we found the necklace lying underneath it.” (Bukhari, Tayammum, 1; Ashab’un-Nabi, 5, 30)
Usayd -Allah be well-pleased with him- also praised Aisha -Allah be well-pleased with her-, saying, “May Allah award you with good, for whenever you undergo an unpleasant experience, Allah turns it into something good, for both you and the Muslims.” (Bukhari, Tayammum, 1)