Some General Information about Funeral (Shafii)

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What is important point about funeral? What is funeral in islam?

Janaza means a deceased person enshrouded and placed in a coffin and ready to be buried. If there is no difficulty in doing so, the person who is about to die should be turned to his/her right facing towards the qiblah. The person who is sitting next to the person on the deathbed recites the Kalimat al-Shahadah and Tawhid. Furthermore, verses and chapters from the Qur’an are recited. It is also recommended to recite chapter Ya Sin (36) at this time. When a believer dies, his eyelids are closed and his/her jaw is tied to keep his/her mouth closed.  His/her joints are moved to keep them relaxed, and his/her clothes are taken off. A light cloth is placed over the body and a piece of iron is placed on the stomach to prevent bloating.  It is recommended to place some things with fragrance next to the body. It is also recommended to burn incense from the time the believer passes on until the time the funeral prayer is performed.

It is Sunnah for the ill to get treatment.  It is reprehensible for a believer to hope to die from the harms that has afflicted him/her. It is prohibited to exaggerate, to wail, to cry in such excessive manner, and to tear one’s clothes when a near one is about to die or after he/she dies. It is permissible for the family and friends of the deceased to kiss his/her face.

The funeral prayer should not be delayed, and the body should be buried as soon as possible without wasting any time.

It is a communal obligation (fard kifa-i) upon the Muslim community to carry out the following five duties when a believer dies:

1- To wash the deceased.

2- To enshroud the deceased.

3- To perform the funeral prayer.

4- To carry the deceased to the cemetery.

5- To bury the deceased.

Source: Fiqh1 (According To The Shafi’i School Of Islamic Law), Erkam Publications

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