Nullifiers of Salat (Maliki)


What is the nullifiers of salat? What are the things that prevent prayer?

The following are acts that nullify the prayer:

  1. Namazı reddetmeye ve o ana kadar yaptığını geçersiz kılmaya niyet etmek,
  2. Neglecting one of the compulsory acts of prayer,
  3. Adding an extra position to the prayer (such as an extra sajdah etc),
  4. Eating even something tiny on purpose,
  5. Drinking even a sip on purpose,
  6. Speaking even a word on purpose,
  7. Making a sound on purpose,
  8. Blowing out air on purpose,
  9. Vomiting with intention,
  10. Giving salam with the doubt of whether or not the prayer has finished,
  11. Occurrence of a circumstance during the praye that invalides the wudu’,
  12. Exposure of the major ‘awra during prayer,
  13. Contact with najasah during prayer,
  14. Correcting the recitation of somebody other than the imam,
  15. Laughing out loud during prayer,
  16. Occupying oneself with repetitive actions. Scratching, playing with beard, fixing clothing, hindering a person who is trying to cross, responding with hand actions etc are all considered repetitive actions. Giving salam by mistake during prayer, eating or drinking (unknowingly) does not invalidate the prayer, however a sajdat sahw is required.
  17. Namazın farzlarından birini yapmayıp başka bir şeyle meşgul olmak,
  18. Remembering (while praying) that the previous prayer wasn’t performed,
  19. Praying an extra four raka’ah following a three or four raka’ah prayer, adding an extra two raka’ah to a two raka’ah prayer. However, praying an extra raka’ah by mistake does not invalidate the prayer.
  20. A person who joined the congregation prayer later on, performing the sajdat sahw with the imam at the end of the prayer.
  21. Performing sajdat sahw at the end of the prayer for neglecting one of the minor sunnah acts during prayer,
  22. Not performing the sajdat sahw and giving salam at the end of prayer although three sunnah acts have been neglected.

Doing the following during prayer does not invalidate the prayer:

  1. Pausing for a while with the arrival of news,
  2. Killing a scorpion while praying,
  3. Doing a small indication or action,
  4. Responding to a greeting with a very small indication,
  5. A short moan due to pain felt,
  6. Crying with khushoo’,
  7. Coughing,
  8. Proceeding towards the row order,
  9. Preventing an animal or person from crossing in front of oneself while praying,
  10. Proceeding to the front or back, turning one’s back to the qiblah however, invalidates the prary.
  11. Promptly putting clothing into order,
  12. Covering mouth with hand while yawning,
  13. Spitting due to necessity,
  14. Saying “Subhanallah” as a signal that one is engaged in prayer,
  15. Responding to a question with an appropriate verse from the Qur’an after reciting Fatiha.

Source: Fiqh1 (According To The Maliki School Of Islamic Law), Erkam Publications

The Contents of Fiqh as a Science (Maliki)

The Importance of The Science of Fiqh (Shafii)