What is mubah in islam? What does mubah means?
Actions that are neither prohibited nor commanded. These are things that the human is free to carry out or avoid, and gains no reward or punishment for it. These acts are generally classified as “halal” or “ja’iz”. For example; sitting, sleeping, walking, eating and drinking (food and drink that is permitted).
There are so many mubah things that we are unable to count all of them. Mubah is the dominant ruling in general, ie there are more things that we are allowed to do than what we are not allowed to do.
Terms close to Mubah in meaning:
Ja’iz: An act that is Islamically permitted. “not jaiz” is an expression that is broad and refers to something that is haram or makruh. For example; Scholars denote that proposing marriage to a girl to whom somebody else has already proposed and is still waiting for her answer, then marrying this girl is not ja’iz.
Halal: Means Islamically permitted; things that have not been prohibited or banned. It is the antonym of Haram, and refers to something no longer being forbidden.
The Ruling for Mubah:
There are no sins or rewards associated with doing or avoiding mubah acts. However, if avoiding or carrying out a mubah act will result in any sort of harm, then the ruling for this mubah act may differ.
If, cutting out food and drink will make the person die of hunger, then eating and drinking has become obligatory. Thus, for a person who is starving and fears dying of hunger, it is mubah for this person to consume unlawful substances enough to survive. Nobody is permitted to end their own life (just as they are not permitted to end that of others)
Source: Fiqh1 (According To The Maliki School Of Islamic Law), Erkam Publications