What does islam say about sun and moon? What quran says about sun and moon?
Different expressions are employed for the light of the sun and the light of the moon in the verses of the Qur’an:
“Blessed is He Who made constellations in the skies, and placed therein a Lamp (the Sun) and a Moon giving light. (al-Furqân, 25: 61)
While the expression “siraj or the lamp” is employed to refer to the sun, the expression of “nûr, or the reflected light” is employed to refer to the moon.
This truth is expressed in other verses too:
“See ye not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, And made the moon a LIGHT in their midst, and made the sun as a (Glorious) LAMP?” (Nûh, 71: 15-16)
The Ptolemy’s theory about the sun was that the earth was in the center and the sun was revolving around it. Because this was what was seen from the world.
“People would not rebel against Allah if they were properly to contemplate His greatness” (Ibn Kathîr, I, 448)
In time, mankind discovered that the sun does not revolve around the earth, but the earth revolves around the sun. However, then they thought that the sun was stable. Whereas the sun was moving on its orbit in the Milky Way Galaxy. The Qur’an expressed this fact as follows:
“And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him…” (Yâ Sîn, 36: 38)
“It is He Who created the Night and the Day, and the sun and the moon: all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its rounded course.” (al-Anbiya, 21: 33)
Source: The Universe, The Qur’an And The Human, Osman Nuri Topbaş, Erkam Publications