What does the quran say about secrets? What is wisdom according to islam? What does the quran say about wisdom?
Bayan (speech and intelligence) has various meanings such as man’s comprehension of the Word of Allah Almighty and his ability to express it, ability to talk, think and contemplate. Teaching bayan also implies equipping with the capability to carry out physically and metaphysically all these functions.
The blessing of speech rich in expression with countless words has also been uniquely bestowed upon man. The first step of speech is to translate the thoughts into symbols that we call words. These symbols are called for from the depths of memory by a mechanism, whose mysteries we cannot comprehend, and are put in successive order in sentences. Then the sentences are loaded with words, meanings and emotions.
Then completing its function in the body and on its way to exit, the air is transformed into words by means of the vocal cords, the tongue, the teeth and the lips. In the course of the speech activity, 44 muscles of our face also work and help to express the meanings of the words with facial expressions.
The air particles take these words and transmit billions of copies to the eardrums of the addressees. No sound can be transmitted in an environment where there is no air. The meaning of these sentences and words are decoded through a journey in the receiver’s body systems, which is at least as perfect as their journey in the speaker’s body systems, and the thoughts and feelings they express become comprehensible. Consequently, understanding what is spoken is a ring in the chain of the miracle of «bayân», as important as the ability of speaking is. (see Kandemir et. alia, Meâl, II, 1831)
The person, whose eye of the heart is open, comprehends that the whole universe consists of divine manifestations, and observes the divine art in everything.
Of course, «bayân» does not simply consist of talking. It is stated at the beginning of Chapter al-Rahman (55, 1-3) that;
«(Allah) Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught the Qur’an. He has created man»
Following these verses, it is expressed that bayân was taught to human. In other words, the true Divine Will regarding bayân is man’s ability to comprehend and contemplate Allah’s Word and divine messages embedded in the universe.
Allah Almighty taught the Prophet Adam, the ancestor of mankind, the names. Other creatures act within the frame of the instincts inherent in their nature and they cannot overstep the boundaries of the circle drawn for them. A dog does not know the nature, existence, the name and the matter of a cat. A dog cannot contemplate on the wisdom of the existence of a cat. In like manner, a cat does not know the name of the mountains and their contribution to the ecological harmony. Because the Divine Will has not bestowed the ability of bayân to them but only to man.
Bayân does not refer only to knowing and informing the material causes. As the spiritual state of a believer develops, the horizons open before the eyes of his heart. Hence our Master Muhammad (pbuh) said:
“By Allah! If you knew what I know, you would laugh little and you would weep much; … and you would go out beseeching Allah.” (See Ibn Majah, Zuhd, 19; Muslim, Fadâil, 134)
Every particle in the universe delivers news from the divine joy to the one whose eyes of the heart able to see. For the souls devoted to Allah, even the emotive melodies coming from the hearts of the tiny birds are the most soulful praises.
Therefore, the level of bayân taught by Allah Almighty changes according to state of every heart. Bayân, or the ability to comprehend Allah’s signs and messages, is at the highest level in the case of Allah’s Messenger (pbuh). On the other hand, the distinguished servants and the friends of Allah comprehend it proportionally to the state of their hearts. As to the common people, it is at the level of understanding, listening and expressing the appearance.
Although everybody who sits at a reading table watches the same scene and is subject to the same lines, he/she benefits differently from the divine statements in the Qur’an and in the universe depending on the state of their soul.
Let us here also express that;
What a major atrocity and dishonor is to attempt to use the blessings which Allah granted only to man, such as intellect, perception and ability of bayân, etc., against the Divine Mightiness!
Today, people in astray who deny the creation and believe in «evolution» and coincidence, consider human being as a creature distinguished among other creation by its intelligence. They manifest the foolishness and insolence of attributing this characteristic to the nature instead of the Creator. When they are asked the following question which refutes the theory of evolution:
“Why are not new creatures formed anymore?” They refer to time as an answer and say “That happened by itself in hundreds of thousands of years”. The representatives of this false mentality in pre-Islamic period used to say the following:
The hearts that can see, hear and feel see in this universe nothing but the manifestations of divine might and power. Shame to those who cannot speak with roses, hyacinths, nightingales in this world and those who do not understand the language of their state!
“And they say: “What is there but our life in this world? We shall die and we live, and nothing but time can destroy us.”“
Allah Almighty replied to them:
“But of that they have no knowledge: they merely conjecture.” (al-Jasiya, 45: 24)