What is the connection between islam and science? Is there a connection between islam and science? What does islam say about the earth?
The more one goes up from the sea level towards the sky, the more the pressure decreases. It drops 1 millibar per 10,5 meters. The temperature decreases 0,5 centigrade degrees per 100 meters. In like manner, the more one goes up towards the sky, the more the density and the oxygen proportion in the air decrease. Consequently, shortness of breath, difficulties in speaking and seeing are experienced when going up. This is expressed in one of the verses of Qur’an,
“And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, his bosom He opens wide with willingness towards self-surrender [unto Him]; and whomsoever He wills to let go astray, his bosom He causes to be tight and constricted, as if he were climbing unto the skies…” (al-An’am, 6: 125)
The planes climb up to 10 thousand meters from ground, because as the air pressure is lower at that altitude, the friction is lower too. This leads less fuel consumption. On the other hand, because the oxygen proportion is lower at that altitude, the oxygen masks have been prepared to be used in case of malfunction. Climbing up to higher altitudes requires special devices for the proportion of oxygen level is lower.
“Verily, Allah is the One who cleaves the grain and the fruit-kernel asunder, bringing forth the living out of that which is dead, and He is the One who brings forth the dead out of that which is alive. This, then, is Allah: and yet, how perverted are your minds!” (al-An’am, 6: 95)
No atheist feels the obligation to wander around by carrying an oxygen bottle in case the oxygen level of the air may change tomorrow. He knows that the divine ecological balance in the universe will not break down and do not expect it to break down. In other words, he is in a hidden belief and trust toward the divine will. However, because he denies this fact and does not thank Allah for His blessings, he becomes one of the losers.
In fact, there is no disbeliever in the universe in the face of these facts. All people have hidden belief and devotion but as they are unaware of this situation, they assume themselves as disbeliever and are dragged into disappointment.
Source: The Universe, The Qur’an And The Human, Osman Nuri Topbaş, Erkam Publications