What is the name of Prophet Muhammad’s father and his mother? What family does it come from? The family tree of prophet Muhammad saw…
The Noble Prophet’s -upon him blessings and peace- father is Abdullah and his mother is Aminah, a blessed lineage stemming from Ibrahim and Ismail –upon them peace- through Adnan, the most honorable member of the Kayzar family. Adnan’s son Meadd is said to be a contemporary of Isa –upon him peace-.
Both maternally and paternally, the Messenger of Allah -upon him blessings and peace- belonged to the purest family of Quraysh, a purity of lineage confirmed by the Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- himself in the following hadith:
“I was born from my mother and father without being marred by any of the evils of the Period of Ignorance. From Adam –upon him peace- to my mother and father, every preceding member of lineage was conceived by none other than religiously legal marriage, never from fornication.” (Ibn Kathir, al-Bidâya, II, 260)
Another name of the Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- is Mustapha, meaning one who is delicately chosen. Whenever there was a split of lineage, the forefathers of the Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- always succeeded from among the better of the two. Since Adam and Hawwa, therefore, the Prophetic Light passed on through the purest of mothers and fathers, from one generation to another.
The ayah “And rely on the Almighty, the Merciful, Who sees you when you rise up, and your descending among those who fall prostrate in worship”, (al-Shuara, 217-219) was understood by a number of commentators, including Ibn Abbas, as a reference to the descent of the Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- through his ancestors, all of whom were men of utmost piety; that is until reaching him, the light of the Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- was transmitted only through those who fell prostrate to Allah, glory unto Him. (Qurtubî, XIII, 144, Haythamî, VIII, 214 )
The Noble Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- confirmed his pure lineage also through the following:
“Allah, glory unto Him, chose Ismail from among the sons of Ibrahim, the Kinana clan from among the descendants of Ismail, Quraysh from among the sons of Kinana, the sons of Hashim from among Quraysh, and the sons of Abdulmuttalib from among Hashim; and me from among the sons of Abdulmuttalib.” (Muslim, Fadâil, 1; Tirmidhî, Manâqib, 1)
Regarding the well-known purity of genealogy of the Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- and his eminent forefathers, the great Muslim scholar Ibn Khaldun affords the following remarks:
“No other person than Prophet Muhammed -upon him blessings and peace- has a well recorded lineage that is moreover blessed with uninterrupted purity and nobility since Adam- upon him peace-. This is a special gift to His Beloved by the Almighty.” (Ibn Khaldun, I, 115)
Source: Osman Nuri Topbaş, The Prophet Muhammed Mustafa the Elect, Erkam Publications
 The lineage of the Noble Messenger -upon him blessings and peace- is: Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdulmuttalib ibn Hâshim ibn Abdi Menaf ibn Qusayy ibn Kilâb ibn Murra ibn Kaab ibn Luay ibn Ghalib ibn Fihr ibn Malik ibn Nadr ibn Kinâna ibn Huzayma ibn Mudrika ibn Ilyas ibn Mudar ibn Nizar ibn Ma’add ibn Adnan. (Bukhari, Manaqıbu’l-Ansar, 28 Ibn Hisham, I, 1-3; Ibn Saad, I, 55-56)
 See Ibn Hisham, I, 1, 5.
 See Ahmad, I, 210.