The Battle of Badr Minor

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What is battle of badr minor? What happened in battle of badr in islam?

(Dhilqadah, 4/ April, 626)

Compliant with their verbal agreement just before they parted ways at Uhud, the Muslims and the idolaters were to meet again at Badr in a year’s time to fight. Tentative yet feeling compelled to stand by his word, Abu Sufyan led an army of idolaters upto the point of Marr’uz-Zahran, where overcome with fear, he felt an equal compulsion to return to Mecca. Still, not wanting to swallow his pride, he sent an emissary to Medina, to inform the Believers that they had set out from Mecca with a huge army. By scaring them, Abu Sufyan wanted to ensure that the Believers remained still in Medina and thereby return with a supposed upper hand.

Much to Abu Sufyan’s despair however, by the time his emissary reached Medina, the Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- had long completed his preparations for battle and had even commanded the Companions to set out. The emissary knew that, the terrified Abu Sufyan would have just about led the idolaters back to Mecca; he was thus doing all he could to frighten and thereby discourage the Believers from leaving. Coming up with unthinkable lies, he was claiming that meeting the idolaters at Badr would only spell a tragic end for the Believers. His efforts, aided by hypocrite propagations, did not entirely fall on deaf ears, as some Companions did begin to feel a little doubt come over their hearts whether setting out for battle was the right thing to do. The Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- then declared:

“By Allah, in Whose Hand of Might my life resides, even if nobody follows me, I will go to Badr by myself!” Allah, glory unto Him, then aided the Believers by reinforcing their hearts. (Ibn Sad, II, 59; Waqidi, I, 386-387)

The Muslim Army ultimately reached Badr. There was not even trace of the enemy. There was only a little trade fair near the field. Thus, there was nothing left for the Muslims to do than to engage in some trade. Nonetheless, the Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- and the Companions waited for eight days at Badr in case the enemy might show; though the situation remained unchanged, and the Believers returned to Medina with the profit they made from their trade at the fair.[1]

The courage and fortitude shown by the Believers on the occasion has been praised in the Quran in the following:

“Those unto whom men said: The people have gathered against you, therefore fear them. (The threat of danger) but increased the faith of them and they cried: Allah is Sufficient for us, and the Most Excellent Protector! So they returned with grace and favour from Allah, and no harm touched them. They followed the good pleasure of Allah, and Allah is of Infinite Bounty.” (Al’i Imran, 173-174)

According to the report of Abdullah ibn Abbas  -Allah be well-pleased with him-, it was Ibrahim -upon him peace- who originally said, ‘Allah is Sufficient for us, and the Most Excellent Protector’ right before being thrown into fire. The Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- repeated these words, when he was told that the idolaters had gathered against them in great numbers. The iman of the entire Companions had thereupon increased, as they repeated the words of the Prophet of Allah -upon him blessings and peace-, displaying a perfect example of trust in the Almighty.[2]

[1] Ibn Hisham, III, 221; Ibn Saad, II, 59; Waqidi, I, 384-389.

[2] See, Bukhari, Tafsir, 3/13.

Source: Osman Nuri Topbaş, The Prophet Muhammed Mustafa the Elect II, Erkam Publications

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